The term woodworm is used generically to define a large group of insect species belonging to the order Coleoptera,
that habitually dwell inside wood to feed on it (xylophagous insects). During its life cycle, the adult deposits its eggs (in variable numbers depending on the species) inside the wood itself. These eggs then hatch into small larvae that spend the first part of their lives feeding, before pupating, emerging and flying off as a fully formed beetle.


Woodworms are xylophagous insects, i.e. they feed on wood, deteriorating its structure, causing it to lose consistency, until it crumbles, causing considerable damage in economic and safety terms.
They cause severe damage to structural wood, parquet flooring, panelling, skirting boards, furniture, wickerwork and plywood. The presence of holes on the surface is the damage done mainly by adults and indicates the exit of the insect that has completed its cycle (usually in spring and autumn) and has flickered outdoors. The larvae feed on cellulose, starch and lignin and deposit wood fibres (called rosume) and excrement. The presence of the holes on the wood surface is therefore indicative of already completed development; depending on the species, only empty galleries may remain inside the wood, which pose a serious threat both to health and to the integrity of furniture and any wooden artefact, as they compromise its stability and robustness. The insect grows at the expense of both hardwoods such as walnut, ebony, mahogany, etc. and softwoods such as conifers, digging irregular tunnels that end with the formation of the characteristic round hole. Infestations of antique furniture, beams, wooden floors, floorboards and skirting boards are very common. Commonly infested rooms are cellars, attics, storerooms, rooms, storage rooms and gardens. The minimum temperature required for growth is 13-14 °C and the relative humidity must be above 50%. In general, the woodworm prefers to lay its eggs in wood located in domestic environments, as this is easier to digest.

They are capable of irreparably devastating an entire roof. Beams, furniture and parquet floors are short-lived when attacked by these insects.

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